Choosing A Chiropractor For Optimum Chiropractic Care

Key Facts About Chiropractors

History of chiropractic

The chiropractic profession was established long ago in 1895 by Daniel David Palmer who realized that though chiropractic techniques had been used for thousands of years, no one had looked at the rationale to explain their effects.

He performed his first adjustment as an established chiropractor in 1895, improving the hearing of a deaf janitor who had suffered from back pain for over 17 years.

The profession became licensed, and today there are more than 70,000 active chiropractic licenses in the United States!

Key Facts and Figures About the Chiropractic Profession

Chiropractic is a health care profession that focuses on disorders of the musculoskeletal system and the nervous system, and the effects of these disorders on general health. These disorders include, but are not limited to: back pain, neck pain, pain in the joints of the arms or legs, and headaches. Doctors of chiropractic (DCs) practice a conservative approach to health care that includes patient examination, diagnosis and treatment. DCs have broad diagnostic skills and are also trained to recommend therapeutic and rehabilitative exercises, as well as to provide nutritional, lifestyle and dietary counseling.

  • There are more than 70,000 chiropractors in the United States who are required to pass a series of four national board exams  and be state licensed. Roughly another 3,000 chiropractors work in academic and management roles. 
  • There are approximately 10,000 chiropractic students  in 18 nationally accredited, chiropractic doctoral graduate education programs  across the United States with 2,500 chiropractors entering the workforce every year.
  • An estimated 40,000 chiropractic assistants (CAs)are in clinical  and business management roles for chiropractic practices across the United States.
  • It is estimated that chiropractors treat more than 35 million Americans (adults and children) annually.  
  • Chiropractors are educated in nationally accredited, four-year doctoral graduate school programs  through a curriculum that includes a minimum of 4,200 hours of classroom, laboratory and clinical internship,  with the average DC program equivalent in classroom hours to allopathic (MD) and osteopathic (DO) medical schools.
  • Chiropractors are designated as physician-level providers in the vast majority of states and federal Medicare program. The essential services provided by chiropractors are also available in federal health delivery systems, including those administered by Medicaid, the U.S. Departments of Veterans Affairs and Defense, Federal Employees Health Benefits Program, Federal Workers’ Compensation, and all state workers’ compensation programs.

What Disorders Do Chiropractors Treat?

Chiropractors diagnose and treat many different spinal disorders that cause musculoskeletal or nerve pain. Similar to other types of doctors, a chiropractor performs a physical and neurological examination as part of his or her process of making an accurate diagnosis. X-rays or CT scan studies may be ordered to confirm your diagnosis. This article highlights several spine-related problems that may be evaluated and treated by chiropractic care.

Back sprains and strains are experienced by approximately three out of four adults. Sprains are caused when ligaments—the tough bands of tissue that hold bones together—become overstretched or torn. Strains involve a muscle and/or a tendon.  Either one can occur when you lift too much weight, play a strenuous sport, or even bend or twist improperly during regular activities during the day. The pain may be aching, burning, stabbing, tingling, sharp, or dul

Cervicogenic headaches are caused by referred neck pain. The pain from this type of headache is usually felt at the back of the head, in the temples, and/or behind the eyes. A cervicogenic headache may be mistaken for migraines or cluster headaches.

Coccydynia is pain that develops in the spine’s tailbone. Some people who fall down or who ride a bike for a long time may develop coccydynia, which can get worse when sitting.  Sometimes the pain begins without any known cause.

Degenerative disc disease (DDD) is usually associated with aging.  As you become older, your intervertebral discs— the pillow-like cushions between your vertebrae—can degenerate or break down due to years of strain, overuse, or misuse. The discs may lose flexibility, elasticity, and shock absorption. They also become thinner as they dehydrate.

Herniated disc usually occurs in the neck or low back. A herniated disc can cause pain when the outer ring (annulus) or interior matter (nucleus pulposus) presses on a nearby nerve root.

Myofascial pain is a chronic pain disorder where pressure on sensitive points in your muscles—called trigger points—can cause deep, aching pain in seemingly unrelated parts of your body. This is known as referred pain. Sometimes myofascial pain feels like a “knot” in your muscle, and occurs after a muscle is used repeated

A CHIROPRACTOR OR A MASSAGE THERAPIST: WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCE?

What most chiropractors and massage therapists have in familiar is; they use their hands to treat you, both of the treatments have immediate effect and they provide drug-free alternatives to pain management.

What differs them from one another is that chiropractors are focusing on manipulating hard tissues (your bones), while massage therapists work on your muscles, ligaments, and tendons.

The main goal of a chiropractor is to release subluxations in the spine to make sure that your body and your nervous system are at their optimal level. Massage therapist is focusing on treating muscular conditions only and they aim to relieve muscle pain, tension, and stiffness.

Is chiropractic subluxation theory really so different? How many chiropractors even believe it?

I’ve heard many chiropractors scoff dismissively that “most chiropractors don’t believe subluxation theory anymore anyway.” Even if they are right, it admits that the profession is still burdened with a faction that does believe. But it’s not that small a faction. In fact, it’s probably a large one, between those who vocally defend the original, untainted theory and those who avoid the term because of its baggage but still believe it quietly, or who reject the most extreme versions but are still deeply influenced by the theory.

Openly defending the original chiropractic subluxation theory are many chiropractors who often call themselves “straight” chiropractors, meaning “pure.” Straights subscribe to the full, traditional “subluxation theory” more or less exactly as formulated more than a hundred years ago, they practice “subluxation-based chiropractic,” and they definitely think of a chiropractic subluxation as being fundamentally different than how a doctor would define subluxation. They believe that subluxations cause not only back and neck pain, but practically any health problem, simply by impinging or irritating spinal nerve roots.

Choose The Best Commercial Roofing

Tips to Use When Choosing a Commercial Roofing Contractor

Whether you are looking to have a commercial roof installed or repaired, choosing the right roofing contractor is the first step towards ensuring you get the roofing done the right way. But what makes a roofing contractor the best for the job? Is it the amount of money they charge, the amount of time they spend on the job or the type of materials they use for the job? If you have been grappling with such questions, it is time to put the matter at rest. When looking for a commercial roofing contractor, keep in mind these tips that will act as guidelines in helping you choose the right person for the job.

High professional standards

A roofing company that has been offering their services for a while should exhibit such high levels of professionalism that there will be no question as to their ability to do the job well. Remember that this professionalism should start right at the moment you contact them seeking their services, so if there is any behavior at the customer care point that speaks of unprofessionalism, you might want to look elsewhere. A great indication of professionalism and great customer support is when your roofer maintains direct communication with you and answers all your queries as soon as they arise.

Diligence

Roofing is a task that requires paying attention to the finer details, and you must always choose a commercial roofing contractor who is not afraid to pay attention to these details. Roofs must be installed and repaired according to the manufacturer’s guidelines and you should therefore stay away from contractors who want to cut corners

Safety standards

Roofing is a dangerous field that is prone to accidents, which is why every reputable roofing contractor must have safety standards in place to cushion personnel and clients against injuries and losses that may occur during the installation or repair of the roof. Be sure to ask what the safety standards of the contractor you are hoping to hire are, as you do not want to work with a contractor unless you are certain that your welfare, and that of the people working on your roof, is a priority to them.

Insurance cover

Besides safety standards, another way used by commercial roofing companies to cushion clients and personnel against unpredictable occurrences is by having a solid insurance cover. Be sure to ask about this too.

Tips for Choosing a Commercial Roofing Contractor

it is quite possible that the contact information for a local roofing contractor is on file in their mobile phone or computer or on a business card among a stack of business cards in their desk drawer. This is likely the information for the roofing company that installed the initial roof or that was contracted to do some repair work, which in turn makes it convenient to call them if and when any roof installation or repair services are needed again.

But convenience should not be the primary factor when choosing among the commercial roofing contractors in Toronto; commercial roofing expertise and experience, the quality of their workmanship, and their reliability should hold more influence in separating these companies and thus lead to the right choice, not just the most recent/most familiar one.

When that time comes to replace or repair commercial roofing, the business or property owner will unquestionably want to have the matter resolved as soon and as efficiently as possible.  This can add an element of self-imposed pressure to hire a roofing contractor who can get the job done with the least delay; it can also often result in a rash decision.

Though there are several commercial roofing companies in Toronto that can be identified through online searches or in print directories, finding the right contractor, i.e. one that is both skilled and trustworthy, can prove more difficult than a business owner/property manager might anticipate.  So how do owners/managers go about the selection process?  It takes an investment of time and effort to investigate several local roofing contractors.

While this may at first appear to conflict with a need or desire to get the roof repaired or replaced as quickly as possible, the consequences of making a poor decision can be quite substantial and long-lasting, and unfortunately not in any positive light.  Accordingly, the commercial roofing contractors at Can-Sky Roofing in Toronto offer the following advice to help businesses choose the right roofing company to address/satisfy their immediate and long-term roof-related needs

How to Choose a Commercial Roofing Contractor

Choosing a commercial roofer for your Oakland Park, FL, requires in-depth consideration. In fact, it is essential that you make the right decision and find a company that will deliver a high-quality service at a reasonable price. If you have never hired a commercial roofing contractor before, it may seem like a daunting process — but there is no need to worry; we will take you through the stages to ensure that you make a well-informed decision

Ask for Referrals

If you know other businesses in Oakland Park who have recently hired a roofer, ask them for referrals. This can help narrow down the qualified commercial roofing contractors at the very outset.

Gather Several Proposals

If you are looking at your roof as an investment that will last a long time without needing repairs in the near future, avoid bids that stand out as “too low.” Interview all potential roofers to find out about their experience, materials, and how they intend to handle your project.

Request References

Ask roofers to provide you with references. Call these businesses to discuss their satisfaction with the process and finished result.

Check Insurance

Roofers should hold both general liability insurance and worker’s compensation insurance. Request a copy of insurance certificates to ensure both are currently valid

TIPS ON CHOOSING THE RIGHT COMMERCIAL ROOFER

When you’re having work done on your building’s roof, it’s not enough to hire a regular roofing contractor for the job. You should consider one who specializes in commercial roofing. After all, a building’s structure is vastly different from a home’s. Hiring the right commercial roofer ensures safe and efficient solutions to your system’s issues

Make sure your commercial roofer has the right bona fides. This should include proof of current state licensing. This makes them eligible to perform commercial roof work in your area. Your prospective roofer should also carry the right insurance, along with liability coverage and workers’ compensation. This protects you and your investment in the event that an accident occurs in your property.

Consider hiring a commercial roofer in your area. All you need to do is ask your friends and neighbors for referrals. This provides a more accurate description of what your experience with your prospective roofer will be like. Hiring one from the community also cuts back on travel time. Since they’re from your area, they’ll be able to work on your commercial roofing in Richmond, VA, with undivided attention.

Choose a roofer that communicates well. Establishing clear communication between you and your prospective roofer is vital. This builds trust and lays the groundwork for a smooth and worry-free process. Make sure that your choice can answer your questions in a polite and professional manner. It helps clue you in if the contractor is really up for the job

Confirm if your prospective roofer can offer a full range of services. No matter the issue with your building’s roof, your choice of contractors should have the right services to address them. American Enviromental Service Company, for instance, doesn’t just excel in replacement or roof repair in Richmond, VA. You can also count on us for maintenance and elastomeric roof coatings. We have deep experience and are highly trained to work on any kind of commercial roof, including ones on shopping centers, offices, warehouses, and hospitals

The Greatest Tips on How to Find and Hire a Commercial Roofing Contractor

Because of the monetary investment needed for full replacement, it’s important to know that your new commercial roof will withstand the test of time. Thus, it’s essential to hire a reliable, reputable commercial roofing contractor. So let’s take a look at some tips to get the best of the best!

Check Your Local Roofing Laws

there is no statewide licensing regulation for roofing contractors. Instead, licenses and permits are required by the building departments and vary depending on location.

For instance, the City of Akron requires all contractors to have a tax account number. They need to obtain this from the Income Tax Division before starting a project and only then will the department issue them a Certificate of Registration.

Choose a Commercial Roofing Company that Offers 24-Hour Service

A leaky roof requires immediate repair, because when left untreated, it can cause severe interior damage (especially in commercial properties with a lot of assets, such as expensive equipment). For example, water can drip into electronic devices and fry up their internal components.

Team Up with a Contractor Specializing in Commercial Roofing Services

Even if you’re in the market for a new commercial roof, it’s best to hire a contractor offering roof repairs, as well. In fact, you should choose a company offering roof maintenance and restoration, too!

Tips For Planning Your Office Movers

ESSENTIAL TIPS FOR CHOOSING PROFESSIONAL OFFICE MOVERS

People often say, relocating a business is perhaps the toughest and most cumbersome things have to manage at the office. Imagine the amount of work that goes into the entire process! There are various thing like sorting, packing, moving and arranging which may use up too many resources. Choosing a professional company who are well experienced in such tasks is a smart move. Now that does not happen with a flick of a wand! It needs a professional and experienced team who have experience with commercial moving services to get that kind of work done.

Selecting a commercial moving company can be very challenging. There are many things to be considered when hiring a company. If an office relocation is being discussed, obviously, there will be a lot of electronic gadgets, important documents, furniture, hardware, etc. that will need relocation

Is the moving company licensed?

The importance of this first step cannot be highlighted enough. This is a crucial step to look into while hiring a commercial moving company. Be wary of the search results when you begin your Google search for movers and packers. Do you investigation. There are inexperienced moving companies all over the internet. Avoid falling into one of their traps.

How Long Has The Company Been In Business?

Practice makes perfect. Or in the case of a company offering commercial moving services, “experience makes perfect”, it is important to select a commercial moving company which has been in the industry for long time. For sure, over the years they have become better and better at their job and will be able to provide your organization with quality moving and packing services. Though experience generally does not mean perfection, in this industry it does!

Select A Company with Affiliations:

Certifications and affiliations play a very crucial role in commercial moving services. We recommend choosing a company which has noteworthy affiliations. Look for affiliations to larger van lines along with certifications provided by the FIDI, The International Association of Movers, BSI and such others. Why are affiliations to ProMover and AMSA so important? In order to get them, a commercial moving company must meet certain criteria and standards. By choosing a certified, affiliated company, you’ll get quality service and won’t waste money on some inexperienced mover, who might end up damaging your goods. Additionally, it is important to ask for recommendations from people who have used commercial moving services before. Nowadays every company has a website. Websites are filled with sugar-coated words, and cherry-topped stretched-out truths. You can’t only go by what is written on the websites. Take some time out to check the client testimonials and the reviews sections of the company before you call them.

Tips for Choosing Professional Office Movers

Moving your office can be one of the most daunting tasks in your corporate life. Apart from all the planning and packing that comes with moving, you’ve got the leases to negotiate, consider how the new office may affect employee morale, renovation costs, amongst many other issues that will keep you awake. Hence, the last thing you want is a mess on the day of your move. This is why you need a professional office moving company to provide a trusted and assuring service, one who not just physically moves your properties, but a pro who can sit, plan and advise you on how best to execute the entire moving process.

You want to find movers who are experienced in commercial and office moves.

Moving an office often requires a different set of skills than moving household items. Too often, run-of-the-mill house movers claim to be professional office movers when they do not understand the nuances associated with office moves. These include knowledge of the loading / unloading logistical issues, the moving hours stipulated by your building managers, and most importantly, your needs to ensure minimal downtime for your business. As a professional office mover, we give thorough considerations to all your concerns, plan and propose our moving plan and offer one-flat rate for our services so that you will not be met with nasty surprises on the big day.

Do background checks on your movers.

All authentic movers would have built their credentials and integrity as professional movers. A quick search on Google and the many social media platforms should give you a decent review of the moving company that you are considering. Google reviews and ratings come from genuine users and give you some insights into the company’s reliability. For example, a website with 4+ stars and genuine-looking reviews can be trusted. Do not miss their 1-star to 3-star reviews because most people speak some truth while giving these reviews.

Ask a friend!

The traditional word-of-mouth hardly fails. Getting opinions from a family member or a close friend who has engaged the services of a professional mover will help you increase your chances of finding that reliable moving company. This is so as a professional mover always believe in building strong rapport with their clients to provide a trusted and assuring service.

Insist on a site visit.

Unless you are moving a small office where you can easily list the items you have to move, always insist for your moving company to view your office and the assets that you have to move. This site visit will allow professional movers like us to better understand your move requirements so that we can help you plan and organize your move, in addition to just providing the muscles for the physical move on the move day.

Tips for Selecting the Best Office Movers

Has your company become so large that you are no longer able to work in such a small place? Congratulations, it has officially the time come for you to relocate. You need to bear in mind that this process is complex and that it will take some time for you to make plans. One of the tasks that need special attention is selecting the best office movers. Even though there are many moving companies on the market, it does not mean that all of them are reliable. In order to avoid moving scams,

Do some research

The proper way of selecting the best office movers is researching their customer history. However, before doing that you should check whether they are listed on the Better Business Bureau. If you confirm that they are licensed, go to reading customers’ reviews. Of course, bear in mind that it is not likely that you will find only the positive comments. There will always be some negative ones, but what is important is that they are the minority. In case a certain company is on the market for many years, there will certainly be a great number of reviews. People are willing to share their experiences, so, you will know what you can expect

Find out how many years they have been in business

Since there is great competition among moving companies, it is probable that only the best ones have survived. This means that a piece of information that will help you make a decision is how long they have been in business. The longer they have been on the market, the more experience they have. Having a more extensive history will make them a more reliable choice. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth movers can be said to be a company of this sort. Not only do they have experience in home relocation but they also have experience in office relocation. Feel free to rely on them for disassembling, transport and reassembling all of your equipment. They also have the proper tools, which means that your items will not be damaged during the relocation

When selecting the best office movers, ask everything you need to know

Do not be shy when making an arrangement with the moving company. Once you find yourself talking with their representative, make sure you ask everything you would like to know. For example, you can directly ask them to send you references from several moves of theirs. In addition to this, you should ask about the insurance for your goods, how many people will be assigned to your move, do you need to find moving boxes, etc. Once you get the answers to questions like these, it will be much easier for you to keep on with the moving process. You will know that you have a reliable partner by your side who is going to help you and do some things on your behalf. In this way, you will be able to focus on completing some others, equally important tasks

Ask them about a free moving estimate

A document that each and every reliable moving company should provide you with is certainly a moving estimate. This is a piece of paper where all of your items are listed and from which you can learn how much your relocation is going to cost. It is not likely that this amount is going to change on the day of the move. The only reason for which it can change is the fact that you have either not listed all of your items or that you have not mentioned there are some obstacles for the movers, such as too many stairs or narrow hallways. In order to avoid this from happening, make sure you mention even the most minute details. In this way, you will get a free moving estimate that will not be prone to any change.

Tips for Choosing a Corporate Relocation Company

When the time comes to move from one office to another, choosing a corporate relocation company can certainly cause some serious anxiety for the person in charge.  How do you find office movers who are trustworthy, honest and careful with your company’s most prized possessions?  How do you know they are truly relocation experts?  Below are several important moving tips to consider when choosing a business mover.

Think through all of your company needs. Determine the additional services you might need besides the general move, such as assistance with packing, storage units, auto transport for company vehicles, handling of sensitive items, and artwork crating.

Evaluate your options. You should get quotes from at least three different corporate relocation companies to ensure that you are not paying too much or receiving an unrealistic low-ball proposal. Have your list prepared with of all of the important points relating to your move.

Identify the moving companies that specialize in corporate relocation. This goes beyond the obvious local movers or long distance movers. Make sure you confirm the experience of the movers with moving large-scale office supplies. How many moving trucks will you need? Do you save money by using more small trucks, or fewer large moving vehicles?

Get the right price. Most moving companies will insist that they do a walk through prior to delivering an office moving quote – this is very important.  Movers must see how many flights of stairs you have, the presence of narrow hallways, the weight of items, and the distance from the exit point of the office building to the moving truck bay doors.  All of these factors contribute to the price.  The time it takes to assemble and properly secure all the office goods will be factored into the final cost unless you pack them yourself. Be sure to get any quotes in writing, and find out what circumstances could cause the estimated price to increase.

Ask the Right Questions

Finally, consider asking moving companies the following questions when preparing for your business relocation.

For peace of mind, it’s always a good idea to go online and search for moving company reviews and ratings about the experiences others have had with your potential moving choice.  Don’t forget to check with the Better Business Bureau to ensure that no formal complaints have been lodged against any of the movers you are considering. Choosing a corporate moving company may not be an easy process, but comparing quotes online helps people find the best price on moving services.

How To Choose The Best Office Moving Company?

If you are planning to shift your IT firm, then you will agree that office relocation can be a challenging process, as it can be time-consuming and would require you to handle several tasks at once. Apart from the hassles of packing and unpacking, it can be hard to lift or move office stuff from one building to another.

Selecting The Right Office Moving Company

The perfect moving company will help you to relocate your office in an effective and seamless manner without affecting your office productivity. The experts at the moving company are efficient and experienced to handle office moving process without any hassles to ensure that office relocation does not impact your workforce and departments. Before selecting an office moving company, it is important to consider a few pointers to choose the services of an IT relocation company.

Consider Their Years Of Experience

Always check how long an office moving company has been in this business. Only those companies that offer best services can survive in the competitive industry. Choose the company that has a long history of being a well-established business mover, which indicates that they are a trusted choice. Make sure that they have been relocating offices in and around a specific location that you are planning to move, as it will help you stay assured that they are well versed in relocating offices in that region.

Check Their Reputation

Check the website of the office relocation company and check the testimonials sections to find what their customers wish to say about their services. The real users are from real users who have chosen the moving services to shift their business establishment from one place to another.

Understand Their Pricing

It is important to understand their terms of pricing to ensure that the quote offered by the business relocation company is realistic. Know how the pricing is set for their service, whether it is for the number of hours, the volume or on square foot basis. Do not forget to ask about the add-on charges for handling very heavy office items, assembling or disassembling the furniture or for packing supplies.

Electrical Home Inspections Find Problems

What Your Electrician Looks For During an Electrical Inspection

My hometown of Oak Ridge, Tennessee, is full of relics of the American Atomic Age—after all, the city was built with the sole purpose of housing the federal employees who processed and refined the uranium that powered the massive weapon that effectively ended World War II

As you drive around the city these days, you can still see remnants of the 1940s version of Oak Ridge in the neighborhoods of war-era, government-issued modular homes and the post-war, cement block homes that were constructed once it became clear that the city’s residents were here to stay.

Do I Need an Electrical Inspection?

he short answer is yes (probably). “Ninety-nine percent of the time, homeowners aren’t aware that they need an inspection,” Wes notes. Some electrical problems are easy to ignore, after all. A circuit breaker tripping from time to time probably doesn’t occupy much space in your brain once you’ve reset the breaker and restored power, and you’re in good company if you’ve never tested the GFCI outlets in your house.

Buying a house

If you just bought a house or are in the process of purchasing a home, you’re probably well versed in the importance of a good home inspection. But any home inspector worth their salt will tell you that they simply cannot catch every little thing that could possibly go wrong.

Lack of inspection history

If the pre-closing home inspection is the only time you’ve had your house looked over by a pro, an electrical inspection is one of the best things you can do for your safety. Safety issues, Wes says, are the primary focus of any electrical inspection his team conducts.

Home Inspections

Home inspections are a  part of the home sale process. They are usually done sometime after a purchase agreement is signed. A purchase agreement should contain a clause that the sale is contingent on the results of an inspection. A new mortgage or a home warranty typically requires an inspection.

What is a Home Inspection?

A home inspection is an inspection of the structure and systems of a house. They typically include the foundation, basement, heating system, plumbing, central air conditioning, electrical, roof, and attic. An inspection should be done by someone who is certified by the American Society of Home Inspectors (ASHI).

Electrical Panel Inspection

During an electrical panel inspection the inspector typically looks for the following:

Clearance in front and top of the panel (3 feet deep and 30 inches wide) (6 feet headroom on top of panel).

Proper wiring, grounding, and bonding.

Discolored, oxidized, corroded, or damaged wires.

Correct circuit breaker or fuse amperage ratings. Breaker size shall be 15 amps for #14 (AWG) wire, 20 amps for #12 wire, and 30 amps for #10 wire, and 40 amps for #8 wire.

Only one wire is allowed to be connected to each circuit breaker.

Check for copper and aluminum wires and whether the breakers are listed for copper or aluminum

Electrical Systems Inspection

An electrical systems inspection and testing typically includes the following:

GFCI protection for kitchen countertops, bathrooms, garages, outdoors, within six feet of a sink, unfinished basements, and boathouses.

Service-entrance, electric meter, and main disconnect.

Receptacles and switches are in working order.

Any wire connections that are not inside of an electrical box.

Smoke alarms are present.

Electrical Inspection: Why It Is Important Before Buying a Home

A proper home inspection is incomplete without having the electrical inspected thoroughly. That’s because an electrical inspection not only clearly reports the health of your electrical system, but it also makes sure that the home is up to safety standards, as required by the National Electrical Code. Therefore, you should never ignore the importance of getting an electrical inspection done when purchasing a home.

What is involved in an electrical inspection?

The comprehensive electrical inspection for a house involves looking for uncovered or exposed wires, outdated wiring, and electrical equipment, testing safety switches, power box, smoke alarm testing, and determining any electrical hazard. These are some standard electrical inspection checklist components that should be taken into account.

Why You May Need a Home Electrical Inspection?

There are many reasons for getting an electrical inspection. Old wirings cannot withstand modern-day living needs, so electrical inspection services aid you in your decision to buy an older home. Besides, when purchasing a resale home, you should always have a comprehensive electrical inspection. Owners renovate, add equipment that is often unlicensed and not up to today’s standards.

Helps You Identify Common Electrical Mistakes

An electrical inspection should be included in the overall home inspection report. Before hiring your home inspector make sure that they will thoroughly inspect the electrical of the house, so ensure any dangerous electrical situations are found. These can be very expensive to repair once the property has been purchased. The inspector should identify any common electrical mistakes that were made by contractors and previous DIY homeowners. The inspector should also check for electrical wiring and components that may have degraded over time

Assures That Your Electrical Wiring Is Safe

It’s known that electrical can be extremely dangerous, even deadly, so it is imperative to make sure that the electrical systems in a home are safe and up to code. Inspecting the condition of electrical should be every home inspector’s top priority. Incorrect, faulty, or DIY wiring can be a huge safety and fire hazard, along with exposed wires and overloaded circuits. Having a home inspector who has electrical knowledge and will meticulously analyze the system is very important.

What Sellers Can Expect from an Electrical Home Inspection

home inspection covers a lot of details to make sure that the house you’re selling is up to code, safe for a potential buyer, and doesn’t have a costly hidden maintenance issue. But even though home inspectors are trained to identify a lot of issues, they might recommend that a buyer call on an electrician’s expertise for an electrical home inspection.

That’s often because of a home’s age, its wiring, and whether the electrical service panel has been updated. “A lot of older homes have different wiring,” said Glover “There’s a wiring called knob-and-tube that still exists in a lot of homes today. There are some complications with that.”

Electrical home inspections 101: Keeping your home’s wiring safe and up to code

Your home’s electrical system is a vital component of protecting your family—and anyone who buys your home. Electrical distribution or lighting equipment in the home remains the 4th leading cause of home fires, according to the National Fire Prevention Association.

The National Fire Protection Agency said in a 2017 report that electrical distribution, lighting, and power transfer equipment was involved in 57% of home structure fires from 2010 to 2014.

In all, U.S. firefighters from 2010 to 2014 responded to an estimated annual average of 45,210 home structure fires with some type of electrical failure or malfunction, the NFPA said. These fires caused an estimated $1.4 billion in property damage and killed an estimated 420 people and injured about 1,370, NFPA statistics show.

Common Electrical Problems Found During Home Inspections

Whenever a home is being sold, it’s a common (and smart) practice for a prospective buyer to hire a qualified home inspector. Home inspectors can not only help assess a home or buildings condition but identify potential problems that may be factored into the terms of a sale or purchase price. In some cases buyers also engage the services of a licensed electrician to check and identify any electrical problems that a regular home inspector might miss. The most common problems we have seen that result in failed home inspections include the below

Extension Cords in Permanent Use

Extension cords are to be used on a temporary basis for an external or remote power supply. If somebody is using extension cords on an everyday basis, that can only mean one thing: There aren’t enough outlets to handle all of the electrical devices the home or building uses today. This is more common in older homes, but it is a safety concern and it should always be corrected prior to a sale.

Improperly Wired Switches

This is a common problem electricians find when doing an inspection. People who try to do their own wiring or hire somebody who has only rudimentary electrical skills will often use reverse polarity when wiring a switch or an outlet. This happens when hot and neutral wires get “flipped” around, and doing this creates a shock hazard.

Missing or Faulty GFI Outlets

Faulty GFIs are a major issue even in newer homes in the Las Vegas / Henderson area due to the common use of cheap > lower quality materials. GFI (short for ground fault interrupter) outlets are what’s required wherever an electrical outlet is close to a source of water (like in a bathroom). The indicator of GFI failure is when they prematurely or frequently ‘trip’ resulting in the loss of power to localized electrical components (lights or other power supplies on the same circuit). GFI replacement is a relatively quick fix for a licensed electrician, and with higher quality components will result in several years of reliable use. It’s essential that GFIs are kept in good working order as their function is to protect you from the possibility of electrocution

Double-Tapped / Lugged Breakers

This is when multiple wires are attached to a single breaker – a dangerous practice. As most circuit breakers are designed for single wires, this can cause loose connections, arcing, and potentially a fire. This is typically corrected by either the addition of additional breakers or in some cases where there are not load concerns, by wire nutting the connections together prior to the breaker panel.

Bat Removal And Bat Control

Bat Pest Control

Bats, the only mammal capable of flight, are a crucial part of our ecosystem. Living exterminators, these flying critters are responsible for controlling pests like mosquitoes from getting out of hand. Regardless of how useful they are, these creatures have a bad reputation of being associated with the supernatural, and often have been referred to as “flying rats.”

There are several different bat species.

There are multiple bat species that could inhabit your home; each has different habits and habitats. In North America, the following species are most common.

Big Brown Bats: These bats are mid-sized mammals that are dark in color. They feed on insects and roost in any high point they can find. You can find them in your eaves, attics, and other high places during the day and hunting at night. They are common nesters during the winter months and can travel alone or in groups.

Little Brown Bats: These little creatures are only about three inches. They can hide in small spaces in the warmer months and seek shelter when they hibernate. Their favorite delicacy includes small, soft-bodied insects, or bugs near slow-moving water.

Mexican Free-Tailed Bats: These bats live in the southeast and west near the coast. They are tiny, about three inches, and are mostly tail. These wild animals tend to live in big colonies and seek shelter in a cave or cave-like areas.

Natural Insect Control With Bats

Bats get a bum deal. Thought of as blood suckers and destroyers of fruit, bats are seen as frightening pests when in fact almost all are beneficial. Those blood sucking bats? Out of some 1,000 species only three actually take blood from mammals. And those live only in the Central American tropics. Most of the fruit bats live in the tropics as well. The bats, like the tiny Indiana bat that populates most of the midwest and east? They’re not blood suckers. They’re bug suckers. Over 70% of all bats — and more in the U.S. — are insectivores.

Some smaller bats also feed on pollen and flower nectar. Like bees, they’re pollinators. Most of these bats also live south of the border and pollinate such fruits as guava, avocados, bananas, and mangoes. The lesser long tongued bat and the Mexican long tongued bat, both pollinators, migrate into the American southwest and California. Both, sadly, are on the endangered species list.

As organic gardeners, it’s important that we encourage every natural predator of harmful insects that we can. One thing we can do is provide bat houses near our garden to encourage bats to live there. About the same size as a bird house, bat houses can host dozens of bats (remember, most bats are small). A bat house, by providing a preferable alternative, will also discourage bats from roosting in your attic or garage. If you install a bat house outside, be patient. It may take bats a season or two to find the house and move in.

If you have a budding scientist at home, bat houses can make a swell gift. Keeping record of the traffic in and out of the bat house as evening sets in, and attempting to identify the type of bats using it, can be a fascinating pastime for bat-happy kids and a way to teach data recording and scientific observation. Bats have been little studied compared to most of the animal world, and learning about bats can make for a fine science project. Here’s a source of information (PDF) on bats. And here are plans for building your own bat house … another worthy project to do with your kids. Not so handy? We know where you can get one that’s ready to go.

Remember, that bats, like all wild animals, can be dangerous. They will bite to protect their territory and can carry rabies (there have been 15 case of rabies transmission from bats in the last 50 years). We used to find bats roosting at a perfect height for observation in dwarf fruit trees around our neighborhood. But you and your children should be taught never to disturb a roosting bat. It might be bad for you and it will certainly be bad for the bat. And you want them out there, cleaning up insect pests.

CHOOSE PEST CONTROL SPECIALISTS WHO KNOW THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN BED BUGS AND BAT BUGS

If you’ve gone this long without hearing the endless news stories and constant complaints from tenants and homeowners about bedbugs, you must have been living under a rock.

A lot of fuss has been made about these tricky insects as bedbugs have a rightly-earned reputation as difficult-to-kill nuisances.

Many reasons are cited for the recent bed bug explosion: increased international travel, increased number of people renting furniture, the uptick in people relying on used clothing items, and of course, the intensifying effects of global climate change.

The trick to identifying a bat bug is by recognizing first that you have a bat issue. Once the little brown bat issue is dealt with, the bug issue can be tackled. It is very important to remember that bats are the catalyst and not the cause of the problem. Bats, possibly due to their nocturnal nature and secretive ways, have been widely mistrusted and feared

Bats are natural, effective pest control specialists — but their portrayal in popular media has led to their vilification. The truth is that almost all North American bats are insect feeders, catching their prey while in flight or plucking them from vegetation. Many people would likely be surprised to learn that a bat can consume more than its body weight in insects in a single night.

Give Bats an Easy Way Out — Embrace Expert Exclusion

Homeowners all around the region know that bats can be a common problem — but chances are you’d rather not get too close to determine exactly what kind of winged wildlife is haunting your home.

Most bats pose a threat to human health and, when threatened or fearful, will bite, with some carrying rabies. What’s worse, bats keep questionable company — namely, bat bugs. A relative of the dreaded bed bug, bat bugs feed on blood and, like the bats they flew in on, require professional pest removal in order to be fully eradicated from your home.

Where Bats May Be Hiding in Your Home

Bats are brilliant at breaking into spaces that might suit their needs. Barns, attics, eaves, garages, loose siding, even tucking behind shingles and shutters — all are ideal areas for bats to roost.

Dangers of Having Bats in Your Home

The greatest dangers of having bats in your home concern health and hygiene. While bats can carry disease, like rabies, bat guano presents the fungus histoplasmosis. When exposure to histoplasmosis is contained within the lungs, the result is a severe respiratory infection. Bad enough; however, if left untreated, histoplasmosis can spread throughout the body and prove fatal.

BAT CONTROL

Over the centuries, bats have gotten a bad rap from humans. Like many small and somewhat unappealing animals in the animal kingdom, they are often the subject of myths, misinformation, and misconceptions. In truth, these flying mammals are amazing creatures and an important part of the ecosystem. Because they devour a huge number of insects every night, they provide a real benefit to humans by reducing harmful pests in the great outdoors.

BATS POSE SERIOUS HEALTH RISKS FOR HUMANS

A bat’s bite and excrement can pose serious health risks to humans. You absolutely do not want to share your residence with a colony of bats. While it’s rare, bats do carry diseases and can transfer them to humans under the right circumstances.

Most prominently, bats have been known to carry rabies, and they can infect humans if they bite. Rabies is extremely deadly when left untreated, and bats can also transfer it to other animals, like your pets, if they’re allowed to linger. Bats can carry a disease known as histoplasmosis as well, which is an aggressive respiratory disease that attacks the lungs. Humans can become infected through bat guano, as histoplasmosis originates through a fungus that grows in the dung.

HOW TO HANDLE A SUSPECTED BAT INFESTATION

Bats are nocturnal and generally avoid contact with humans. Often the only signs that you have an infestation will be their distinctive noises, dark stains around the openings they use, and the characteristic droppings filled with parts of insects. If you notice any of these things, give our Tampa pest control professionals a call and we’ll respond quickly to confirm your infestation and provide immediate solutions.

Many companies market DIY repellents that utilize various chemicals, but their general effectiveness is fairly hit-or-miss. Spraying it around suspected entry points might not be effective at all, and the chemicals can even hurt the bats — which you should actively try to avoid. You also want to avoid sealing off crevices, as trapping bats in your house can create even more problems.

How To Hire The Best Criminal Defense Attorney

5 Reasons to Become a Defense Attorney

While there are multiple types of law you can practice after graduating from law school and passing the bar, you may want to look at some of the top reasons to become a defense attorney.

The criminal justice system in America relies heavily on both defense attorneys and prosecuting attorneys. Prosecutors are the ones who bring forth evidence to charge a suspected criminal, while a defense attorney attempts to defend that person and show why the individual is not guilty. Working as a defense attorney is a good option for those who want to help others.

Follow the Constitution

The Sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution gives all American citizens the right to legal counsel and legal representation. Working as a defense attorney gives you the chance to learn more about constitutional law and to follow the standards put forth in that document. While you may work with poor clients, you can also work with wealthier clients too.

Protect the Rights of Others

One of the top reasons to become a defense attorney is because you have the chance to protect the rights of others. Laws require that prosecutors gather enough evidence to present to a judge and jury that proves without a reasonable doubt that a suspected criminal is guilty. As a defense attorney, you need to show that your client is innocent or that there is not enough evidence to prosecute. You essentially protect the rights of clients from criminal prosecution.

Make More Money

Defense attorneys can make quite a bit of money. The Bureau of Labor Statistics found that the median salary for lawyers is nearly $116,000 a year. Those making the highest salaries are those working for private firms and in private practice. The clients who come to you have the money necessary to pay your costs as well as the cost of hiring any experts to work on that case. You can also work for a local agency that provides free or reduced cost legal services for clients who make less money.

Have More Flexibility

During your time in law school, you’ll hear horror stories about what it’s like working in a law firm as a recent graduate. You’ll hear about attorneys working 60 hours or more a week and how new lawyers seldom have time for themselves. One of the reasons to become a defense attorney though is that defense attorneys often have more flexible schedules than other lawyers do. Once you gain more experience, you can decide which cases you want to take on and how you want to divide up the work. You can use associates and others in your practice to prepare for that case without that case taking over your life.

Help Those Who Cannot Help Themselves

One of the top reasons to become a defense attorney is because you’ll have the chance to help others who cannot help themselves. Working in a legal aid office or for a civil rights organization lets you work on cases that involve an individual charged with a crime who does not have the financial means to hire a lawyer. These clients may suffer from mental diseases, have a lack of education or have a history of criminal activities in the past. With your help, they can escape their criminal charges.

Job Description

Criminal defense lawyers typically work at least 40 hours a week, but longer hours are common. Additionally, work hours may be irregular because evenings and weekends may be required by clients or law firms. New criminal defense lawyers usually join up with an existing firm; however many go on to open up their own firms. Criminal defense lawyers regularly travel to courtrooms, law libraries, prisons, hospitals, offices and the homes of clients.

Research and case preparation are the two main duties performed outside of actual trials. Criminal defense lawyers examine evidence, laws and statues, and past judicial rulings in order to build up the strength of their arguments. Once all this research is gathered, a criminal defense lawyer prepares it by creating an effective argument strategy for the courtroom. When in the courtroom, a criminal defense lawyer must constantly adapt and choose the most effective argumentative methods available to them in order to win a case.

Responsibilities:

  • Conduct research and analyze a case to determine a probable outcome and devise an effective strategy to defend your client/s in court.
  • Interpret laws for clients and help them to understand their legal options.
  • Aim to resolve cases as quickly and favorably as possible.
  • Represent clients at arraignments, hearings, and court trials.
  • Present evidence to a judge and/or jury should the case go to trial.
  • Prepare and draft legal documents, including legal briefs and appeals.
  • Negotiate plea negotiations, punishments, and settlements.
  • Undergo ongoing training to stay updated about changes and new developments in the legal field.
  • Conduct yourself in an ethical and professional manner at all times.

WHAT QUALITIES SHOULD A PERTH CRIMINAL DEFENCE LAWYER HAVE?

Communication – The interaction between you and your lawyer is extremely important. It’s vital that you have a criminal lawyer who is easily approachable and can communicate legal advice to you honestly and in a way that you clearly understand. Your criminal lawyer should be a good listener, as he is a speaker, so your queries and concerns can be considered and properly answered. Effective communication with your lawyer will assist you to understand of the law as it relates to your charges, the plea options available to you, the court procedure, and the potential legal issues that may arise during the court process. Good communication facilitates a client-lawyer relationship built on confidence and trust.

Understanding – The criminal lawyer should be understanding and empathetic to the stressful and emotional impact that the criminal charges are taking on you. The lawyer should have respect for your reputation, concern for your safety and well- being, as well as concern for the direction that your case is headed. The criminal lawyer should ensure that you understand what measures can be taken to minimise public exposure and to maintain privacy during the court process.

Consideration & Preparation – A criminal lawyer should carefully consider the evidence giving rise to the factual allegations of the criminal charges and provide you with honest advice about your case. The lawyer should be thorough and detailed in the preparation of your case for trial and consider all possible defences that may be raised at the trial.

Representation – The criminal defence lawyer should be a good speaker and maintain commitment, determination and focus to achieve the best possible result in court for you. The representation should be strategic in its approach. The defences to your charge should also be communicated and presented in a way that is clearly understood by a Judge or Jury.

Can a lawyer get you out of anything, as long as you haven’t talked or incriminated yourself?

Absolutely not. If there is evidence against you which proves the case, then there is evidence against you which proves the case. If there is enough evidence, even if you never say a word, then you might still be convicted. There have been times when very good lawyers in combination with just the right jury have allowed people to be acquitted of crimes that they were clearly guilty of. But those are a combination of a lot of skill on the part of the attorneys, (often) a lot of money on the part of the client, a lot of luck on the part of picking the right jury, and frequently, mistakes on the part of the prosecution.

Basic Guide To Roof Installation

Preparing for Your Roof Installation

Replacing your home’s roof is one of the best investments you can make in your property. Not only do today’s roofing designs look beautiful, they’re also designed to last for as long as you own your home.

As you prepare for your home roofing installation, there are several things you can do to ensure the job unfolds as smoothly as possible. Here  tips to keep in mind before the roofers arrive.

1.    Make Sure the Home Roofing Company Has Access to Your Roof

It goes without saying that the roofers will need access to your roof to get the job done. While a professional home roofing company will work as neatly as possible, tearing off an old roof and installing a new one is a big project that takes up a lot of space around the perimeter of your home. To protect outdoor items from debris — and ensure the roofers can work as efficiently as possible — it’s important to clear driveways and sidewalks before the crew arrives.

If possible, move vehicles and other items away from your driveway. This ensures that your cars, children’s toys and other items will be safely away from any falling debris or dust.

Similarly, if you have patio furniture, grills or other items near the house, you should also consider moving them into the garage or covering them with a tarp or plastic sheeting while the work is performed.

2.   Clear Valuables from the Attic

Experienced roofers will work hard to minimize the dust and debris created during your roof’s installation, but there’s no getting around the fact that roofing is a messy, dusty job.

If you store heirlooms or valuable items in your attic, consider moving them to a safe spot until the job is complete. If certain items are too bulky or heavy to move, try covering them with drop cloths or a plastic sheet to protect them from dust and shingle debris.

3.   Make Arrangements for Children and Pets

If you have pets or young children, you might want to make arrangements for them to stay with a friend or relative while your new roof is being installed. The construction that takes place during a roof tear-off and installation can be noisy, which can disturb pets and small children.

Because construction equipment and materials can also pose a hazard to children, many parents choose to keep their kids indoors while the crew is on site.

4.   Be a Good Neighbor

Chances are, your neighbors will be nearly as excited as you are to see your home getting a brand new roof. Major exterior upgrades like a new roof boost your home’s value, as well as the value of properties around you.

Before the roofers get started, however, it’s a good idea to give your neighbors a heads up that you’re replacing your roof. This small courtesy can go a long way — especially if they have pets or children who might be disturbed by the noise and commotion that inevitably occurs during installation.

5.   Prep the Inside

Although experienced roofers do their best to keep dust and noise to a minimum during a new roof installation, any type of heavy construction on your home’s frame can cause strong vibrations that shift mirrors and photos on the walls.

To reduce the risk of a photo or mirror falling during installation, it’s best to temporarily remove any hanging frames or mirrors on your upper floor. You should also consider removing any glass sconces on light fixtures that are attached to the walls on your upper floor.

6.   Prep the Outside

Installing a new roof means nailing down thousands of shingles. As a homeowner, the last thing you want to experience is a flat tire caused by a roofing nail — or, even worse, stepping on a roofing nail in your bare feet.

Expert roofing contractors perform a thorough clean-up once a roofing installation is complete. This includes using powerful magnets and special rolling tools designed to pick up nails. Before your roofing installation, cut your grass to a short length, as nails can easily get missed when they fall into long grass.

If you have a satellite on your roof, you should work with your cable provider to move it while your roof is being installed.

If you have flowerbeds or landscaping around your home, it’s a good idea to protect them from dust and debris by covering them with tarps or plastic. You should also remove any hanging plants while the new roof is being installed.

7.   Work with a Home Roofing Expert

One of the best ways to prepare for a new roof installation is to choose a professional roofing company with a track record of superior customer satisfaction. An expert home roofing company will ensure that your roof is installed properly, and that any underlying damage is addressed and repaired.

Factors That Impact Roof Installation

No matter how well prepared you and your contractor are for roof installation, construction may uncover unforeseeable problems or delays. These can add additional costs or extend your project’s timeline. Some common unexpected roof installation obstacles include:

Bringing Your Roof Up To Code

  • Your roof may have originally been built to meet decades-old building codes that will no longer apply to new construction. Making necessary repairs may add to the length of your roof installation.

Pests and Mold

  • Especially in humid areas of the country, mold and termite damage may be found during a roof replacement. Whether it’s insects or decay, these problems will need to be addressed before new shingles can be installed.

Poor Roof Design Causing Water Traps

  • Water traps are a common issue that homeowners are often unaware of until a roof replacement takes place. Water traps are areas that are prone to leaks due to runoff areas that direct too much water to one place. Water traps also lead to faster wear on your shingles and other materials like siding or brick. If your contractor uncovers this issue, you can expect to add time to mitigate the problem.

WHAT DO I DO WHEN MY ROOF IS BEING REPLACED?

Here are a few considerations to make for when your roofer comes to install your new roof:

KIDS

If you plan to be at home during the roof replacement with the kids, be sure to let them know what’s going on, and give them a few extra rules for that time period. Designate certain safe spaces in the house for them to play in, and make sure they know not to go outside to play while the roofers are working. Since roofers have to tear off your old roof, there’s a lot of debris falling off on all sides of the roof, and it’s not safe to have the kids running around below them.

PETS

Whether you’re planning on staying in your home or leaving during your roof replacement, it’s a good idea to consider removing or securing your pets. Even very calm pets can find the roofing process distressing, and may not react well to strangers banging around on their home. At the very least, keep your pets in a quiet room, like the basement, where they can have a little relief from the noise, or consider taking them with you for the day if you’re concerned they won’t react well to the additional stressors.

CARS

Most quality roofers will recommend you park your car on the other side of the street during the roofing process. If you normally park in the driveway, falling debris could hit your car, and if you typically park in the garage, the construction can shake tools and items down from the walls, accidentally hitting your car. It’s best to make sure your car is parked far away from the house while roofers are working, just to be on the safe side.

OUTDOOR FURNITURE AND LANDSCAPING

Roofing is notoriously messy. While quality roofers will lay down tarps to catch debris and come around with a magnet after the job is done to collect any stray nails, you’ll want to bring in any outdoor furniture, grills, or valuables you have outside your home. Debris can fall from the roof and you’ll want to make sure your items are protected. Additionally, if you have any landscaping around the house you want especially protected, it doesn’t hurt to lay out a few of your own tarps, just to make sure nothing unwanted falls on your landscaped yard.

How Long Does it Take to Replace a Roof?

One of the most common questions people have when their roof is being replaced is how long it will take? Having your roof replaced is a noisy process and home owners are happy to get it done as soon as possible.

For residential homes, roof replacements will usually take two days. The first day is to remove the existing roof from the building. The second day is to install the roof. Depending on the size of the roof a day or two longer may be necessary. If you are reroofing or roofing over your existing roof then you can subtract a day. If some of the plywood on the roof needs replaced additional time may be required.

Commercial roofs can take a few weeks to finish depending on the scope of the project. Some commercial roofs can be installed faster than others. For instance, cold sealed single ply roofs can be installed very fast and installation is generally quiet and noxious fume free.

In general, it will take around a week to get three quotes from different roofers. Then it will take a few days to review their quotes and pick a company. After you sign the paper work, you can expect another few days until the roofer is ready to work on the roof.

Knowing which materials you want to use on your roof will increase the speed of the process. You are usually responsible for picking the roofing material you will use so you can get a head start easily.

Tips to Help Homeowners Choose the Right Roofing Contractor

Finding a contractor who is trustworthy, honest, and professional may sound difficult – but that’s where you come in. Contractors should share these important tips with homeowners to show them that your company is reputable and can be trusted to protect their home and their wallet.

Get local referrals. There is less chance of potential issues or scams when you choose a contractor from your community. They are more familiar with local rules and code regulations and have a relationship with area crews and suppliers.

Get an extensive warranty. Not all contractors can offer manufacturer warranties that include coverage of the contractor’s workmanship. If a contractor installs the roof incorrectly, it may take months or years for the damage to show up—and insurance won’t pay for it. If the contractor won’t fix it (or worse, has gone out of business), your only recourse is to pay for their mistake yourself.

Check for proper licensing and insurance. The contractor should have insurance for all employees and subcontractors and be able to provide a copy of their insurance certificate for validation. Not having adequate insurance could potentially lead to litigation between a contractor and homeowner if a roofing employee sustains an injury at the home. Most states require licensing for contractors, but that does not stop unlicensed contractors from attempting to do the roofing work. In states where licenses are required, make sure your contractor provides you with a copy of their license and confirm their status online. 

Pay your deductible. Any contractor who claims they can handle the repair without having the homeowner pay their insurance deductible is committing insurance fraud and endangering the homeowner. The insurance deductible is the responsibility of the insured, and the contractor should reflect that in the quote without inflating the estimate to cover all or part of the deductible.

Handle your own claim. A contractor who says they are “a claim specialist” or can “handle your insurance claim” may be breaking the law. In most states, it is illegal for contractors to act on behalf of the homeowner when negotiating an insurance claim. Any contractor who opens the door to potential legal action is not acting in your best interest.

How To Find The Perfect Drywall Repair Services

Basic Tool List for Minor Drywall Repairs

Need to repair damaged drywall in your home? Use our drywall tools list to get the job done right. It examines the six essential drywall tools you will need.

There’s more to drywall repair than just putting some joint compound on a wall and calling it a day. A drywall contractor has special tools that are used to get the compound smooth and perfectly blended with the wall. If you’re planning to do it yourself, these are the 6 essential drywall tools you will need. But consider the cost – if you purchase all these tools, will the return be worth the investment?

1. Hawks and mud pans

A hawk is a large square sheet of metal supported by a center handle. Mud pans resemble meatloaf pans and have crisp, sharp edges. These tools are used to carry the drywall compound with you while you work. Hawks are the tool of choice for professionals, so they tend to cost a little more. A mud pan will work nicely for occasional repairs.

2. Knife

Plaster repair requires the right kinds of knives. Putty knives range in size from two inches across to more than a foot. The size you need depends on how large a repair you are doing. Nail holes are easily patched with a narrow knife, but larger work over seams or big holes will require a wider blade.

3. Sandpaper

You cannot do a proper patch job with sandpaper. A sanding block is OK, but actual paper with a special hard sanding pad is better. If you will be working on higher areas, invest in a sanding board that you can put an extension on.

4. Sanding sponge

Sanding drywall produces a ton of dust. Small jobs can be finished with a sanding sponge. Used along with a bucket of water, the sponge will eliminate concerns about drywall dust. They should be used with care, however, to avoid removing too much of the compound.

5. Corner tools

Inside corner tools are perfect for finishing off the difficult area in the corner of a room. It will speed up the process of finishing a stretch of drywall. However, it’s not typically required for repairs around the house.

6. Tape

Large repairs, like cracks or seams, should be fixed using tape. The tape will prevent the crack from reappearing and can easily be blended in with the wall. Holes can be covered using special sheets of self-adhesive mesh.

Basic tools for cutting drywall

Drywall can be cut with a T square and utility knifeDrywall is easily cut using simply a drywall utility knife. The basic concept involves scoring through the paper on one side of the sheet of drywall and then bending the board until it breaks the interior gypsum material. You can read a step by step guide to cutting drywall here. You will also want to use a drywall T square as a straight edge as well as a measuring tape. There are of course other tools that allow you to cut drywall but these are the basics.

Basic tools for hanging drywall

Drywall can be installed over wooden studs using either nails or screws as fasteners. When installing drywall on steel studs you must use screws. Therefore you need at least a drywall hammer or an electric drill to install drywall. You can use a cordless drill but you have to be careful not to puncture the drywall paper when setting the screws.

Basic tools for taping and finishing drywall

Taping and finishing drywall patches is done with drywall finishing knives. Good quality taping knives can be purchased for around $12 to $18 each, and a good quality drywall mud pan can be found for around $15 to $20. Some people debate whether stainless steel knives are better than blue steel knives. It basically comes down to the trademan’s preference. On the other hand, stainless steel mud pans are always the best choice.

How to Patch a Medium Hole (anything smaller than six inches)

For a professional finish follow the instructions under Large hole. This method requires finesse to feather the joint compound into the rest of the wall – if not done correctly, you will see a slight bulge in the wall. You must feather the repair area (gradually reduce the thickness outward) when applying the joint compound and in the sanding stage. Use a drywall patch that is slightly larger than the hole that needs to be repaired. You can purchase these at your local hardware store. Look for a kit, which will include everything you need.

Materials: For this job you’ll need a drywall patch and joint compound.

  • Sand and clean the area around the hole where the patch will contact the wall.
  • Apply the adhesive side of the patch to the wall.
  • Cover the patch with a joint compound.
    • Use a crisscross pattern with your putty knife to apply the compound.
    • Apply enough compound to cover the patch and have enough to feather.
    • Once dry, lightly sand and apply another coat.
  • Sand the dry second coat with sandpaper.
    • Feather the edges to blend the repair into the wall.
  • Prime and paint.

Tips Proper Spackling Techniques

Before you start, here’s a brief lesson on spackle. Spackling paste or spackling compound is made of gypsum powder and binders and is used to patch small holes, cracks and other imperfections like dents in drywall, plaster walls, and sometimes in wood. It comes in powdered (mixed with water before application) or paste form, the paste form being the most commonly used and known. Actually, the word Spackle® itself is a registered trademark but it is commonly used to describe spackling compound. It is also sometimes used, erroneously, in reference to drywall joint compound, which is similar but an altogether different product. Joint compound is mostly used to cover joints between wallboard panels and to cover the fasteners and screws used to attach wallboard to studs underneath. It can be used like spackle, but it is better for repairing larger holes and damage that require backing or other reinforcement.

Step 1: Prepare the Spackling Spot,

Helpful Tips

  • Fine-grit sandpaper is good for smoothing down the surface around a hole if there are not too many fragments or a protruding outer edge. Just give it a couple of quick brushes with the sandpaper to smooth it down.
  • If you’re going to spackle over nails or screws that popped through your wall’s paint, use a nailset and hammer to push them in below the wall’s surface.
  • If you’re working on holes of 2″ or greater in diameter, you may need to purchase or make a wall-repair patch and apply it before using joint compound to seal it in place. See Patch and Repaint Walls.

Step 2: Apply Spackling Compound

Helpful Tips

  • Consider using two putty knives — one with a wide blade and one with a narrow blade. Dip the wide knife into the can of spackling compound and use it as a palette. The narrow knife can be used to apply the compound to the damaged area on the wall. You can also scrape excess compound from the narrow knife onto the edge of the wide knife for a cleaner, more controlled application.
  • Always close the spackling compound lid after you’ve taken out what you need. It dries quickly and can be ruined if left exposed to the air.

Step 3: Paint

Safety Alert!

Open the windows to make sure you’ll be priming and painting in a well-ventilated area.

Using Latex Caulk to Fill Small Drywall Cracks

To fill small cracks you need something that is liquid enough to penetrate the crack but drys to a finish that can be painted. The easiest material is a 100% latex caulk and this type of caulk just so happens to be the least expensive too. You will need to use a small rubber spatula to force the caulk into the crack.

First apply a bead to the crack then using a crosshatch pattern work the caulk into the crack. You don’t want to run along the crack or straight against it or you will pull caulk out of the crack rather then force it in.

After the caulk has had about 5 minutes to setup use a damp not wet paper towel and remove any excess caulk from around the crack without actually going over the crack its self.

Painted surfaces especially ones that have paint applied by a roller have a texture so it is important to remove the extra caulk the best you can so the texture will remain.

Why Opt For Professional Upholstery Cleaning

Upholstery Cleaning Facts For Consumers

What is upholstery cleaning?

From your carpets to your drapes to your furniture, all fabrics need to be cleaned. Cleaning upholstery, or the fabric on your furniture, removes the dirt and oils that are transferred to couches and chairs through regular use. Because furniture upholstery can be delicate and colors can fade easily, it’s often a good idea to let professional sofa cleaners handle the job. They’ll determine the type of fabric — usually cotton, linen, wool, suede or microfiber — and the appropriate method for cleaning it, either steam-cleaning or applying a dry-cleaning solvent. In general, cleaning an entire piece of furniture includes a pretreatment, cleaning, and neutralizing rinse to the body, plus removing and cleaning all cushions and cleaning all crevices.

An upholstery cleaner may clean the entire piece of furniture, on a regular schedule or by request, or do spot treatments to remove pet, food, drink, or oil and grease stains. Furniture can also be deodorized to remove the smell of pets or tobacco smoke. Furniture that’s used often, like that in your family room, should be cleaned once a year to keep it fresh and extend its life. Sofa cleaners often also offer repair services to mend tears in fabric or patch holes in leather.

The Importance of Upholstery Cleaning

Regular vacuuming and wiping down of upholstery furniture is beneficial to keeping the office looking and smelling good. Over time dirt, grime and spills can take their toll on upholstered surfaces, making them look tired and worn out. Deep cleaning will keep upholstery looking like new, and extend the life of the piece.

Office furniture gets more wear and tear than furniture in your home. You spend more time on average at the workplace and track in dirt and allergies all day long. A cleaner, better-looking office provides a better business atmosphere for your employees. Commercial upholstery should also receive a professional deep steam cleaning one to two times a year. This is especially true if pens are dropped frequently on the upholstery leaving ink stains.

When stains get grounded into the upholstery it decreases the life span of the furniture making it look old and unattractive. When furniture does not undergo deep steam cleaning, stains and marks can eventually become permanent. When you hire a professional cleaner, they have special tools to easily remove these stains, making the furniture last longer.

Upholstery naturally collects many different pollutants, especially dust mites. Chairs and sofas that hardly get cleaned have tons of dust on them. The dust is not only on the surface but in the padding deep inside and comes out into the air every time the furniture is used.

Along with dust, upholstery can contain many different types of allergens and harmful organisms such as mold, bacteria, pollen and viruses. These organisms can be released into the environment each time someone sits down on a sofa or chair. Deep cleaning removes many more organisms than a surface cleaning keeping the workplace cleaner for everyone.

General Tips for Cleaning Upholstery

• With any of these techniques, be sure to test an inconspicuous area first (like under a cushion, or on the back side of the skirt) to make sure colors won’t bleed or fade.

• Be sure to avoid getting water or cleaning agents on the wood or metal portions of your furniture, as this could rust, corrode, or cause discoloration.

• These techniques should be used on natural or synthetic woven fabrics. Find out about cleaning leather here.

• If your fabric has an X code, call a professional to clean your upholstery. These services are generally provided in your home, a professional cleaner should be able to give you a general estimate based on the size of furniture and type of fabric that you have.

How to Fix Fading Sofa Fabric

Start spray-painting the sofa at one corner. Move your hand slowly across the fabric, one section at a time, taking care not to leave any unpainted spots. This may require more than one pass over each part of a section. Continue in this painstaking manner until you have solidly spray-painted the entire couch.

Place each cushion on a layer or two of corrugated cardboard. Spray-paint the top and sides in the same careful manner.

Let the paint dry, which typically takes about 72 hours. Spray a second coat onto the sofa in the same manner for further coverage if desired.

Flip the detached cushions over and paint the undersides. Wait another 72 hours for the undersides of the cushions (and an optional second coat) to dry. Place the cushions onto your revitalized couch.

Upholstery Cleaning Facts For Consumers

Did you understand there are many unique forms of carpet and upholstery fabrics and fibers, and they all have their own person cleaning specifications? Additionally depending on the sort of soils localized furniture cleaning using the correct chemical is crucial, and this really should occur just before commencing a basic upholstery cleaning process, to obtain the most effective final results on your highly-priced upholstery just about every time!

By far the easiest fabric to clean is micro-suede normally known as microfibre suede. Some upholstery cleaners contact themselves “Micro-Suede Specialists” but this can be a joke as micro-suede cleans up like brand new almost each and every time! The only stains which might not come out are oil-based soils. Micro-sueue is oleophilic which implies that oil based soils can permanently bind towards the micro-suede fabric and become impossible to get rid of! So take care next time you sit down around the lounge and get pleasure from some tasty oily treats like fried chips or chicken wings, as dropping them on your attractive lounge can leave behind an unsightly permanent stain! Upholstery protection may be applied by your upholstery cleaning skilled if permanent stains are a concern for the furnishings!

Pet or human urine can also pose a important trouble for your upholstery as if left untreated can soak deep inside the fibres and upholstery stuffing, putting it beyond the reach of odour neutralizing agents frequently utilised as part of an expert upholstery cleaning service. Odour neutralizers only work if they are able to reach the urine and chemically neutralize it; in the event the urine has gotten so deep in to the fabric that they cannot reach it, then your upholstery may well smell fresh for any day or two after cleaning but that may soon fade plus the urine smell will return.

As a organic material leather is different again in the other fiber varieties and calls for specialty cleaning to gently separate soils from leather. Cleaning by itself isn’t sufficient as then leather has to be carefully conditioned using the correct oils to restore the skins natural oily texture and preserve your leather feeling and hunting terrific for many years to come! If treated properly leather can outlast all other fabric sorts by a decade or more!

When upholstery is heavily soiled specially on thin material like cushions, a thorough upholstery clean might not be adequate to shift any heavily ingrained soils. In the event the upholstery cleaner uses a lot of chemical or water and is aggressive with their tool they may well make the stains shift, but your upholstery may perhaps take may well longer to thoroughly dry. This trade-off might be prevented by obtaining your upholstery routinely cleaned!

Finding The Right Veterinarian For Your Labrador Retrievers

Steps To Take When Choosing A Good Vet

Whether you’re a new pet owner or have owned several pets for years, it’s a good idea to select a veterinarian before you actually need one. This way, you’ll be working with someone who you feel comfortable with and seems to have a good rapport with your pet rather than a vet who is simply nearby, open, or listed first in the Yellow Pages

Check Out The Website

Look at each veterinarian’s website for a glimpse of the vet’s personality, staff, and capacity. While someone can be an excellent vet and still have a less-than-impressive website, it’s still a quick way to narrow down a long list

Ask For Recommendations

There are plenty of resources you can use to get recommendations for a vet. Many animal-centered organizations, like pet shelters, boarding businesses, and grooming salons, as well as other pet owners, will generally be happy to provide you with the name of the vet they know and trust.

Understand How The Clinic Operates

Vet clinics can be run using a range of business methods, and you want to find the one that best suits your needs. Call the clinic and speak to the office manager or similar authority figure. Ask questions about hours, overnight care practices, billing details, and any other services associated with the clinic.

Meet With Each Vet

Once you have a short list of possible veterinarians for your dog, make appointments to meet with each vet. Schedule some time to talk with the vets without your pet. Ask a series of questions about important topics, such as their training, whether they participate in continuing education, their approach to treating pets, and the variety of services their vet clinic provides

How to Choose a Veterinarian

I’m going to take a guess that you’d rather not find yourself poking through Yelp reviews for a good vet the morning after your dog has kept you up all night having diarrhea. (Yes, my insight is amazing!) The best time to pick a vet is, of course, before you even have a dog. Or, if you happen to have found the world’s cutest Dogalini on the street, then start looking for a vet about 5 minutes after you get her home. Or, if you’re moving, then start new-vet-shopping right about the time you start to pack.

Ask for Referrals

Your friends probably aren’t vet-evaluating experts any more than you are, but they can tell you whether the vet or the techs in an office manhandle the animals or coax them into cooperating, whether the office returns calls promptly, and how good the vet is at explaining health issues.

Check Qualifications and Expertise

DVMs and VMDs are the general practitioners of the veterinary world. But you’ll find many who treat only “small animals” (a label that stretches to include your 130-pound Mastiff). Also, some vets work mainly with dogs, or cats, or “exotics.” A species-limited vet can be a big plus. Doctors for humans work with just one species, of course, and can usually use words to communicate with their patients. A general practice vet, on the other hand, has to cultivate knowledge about several species, and not one of his patients can say to him, “Doc, it’s a chronic burning pain and it started last Tuesday.” So it can be a big plus if your vet limits her practice to a few species, or just one.

Get a Tour

Call in advance, explain that you’re a prospective client, and set a convenient appointment – you don’t want to show up in the middle of an emergency, or at a just plain busy time. The whole clinic should be clean, of course. Do cut them some slack if a sick animal just vomited, urinated, or defecated, but overall the place shouldn’t reek. On your tour, keep a sharp eye out for the surgery room or suite. It should be squeaky clean, not used for storage or as a hangout for the office cat. If there’s a surgery taking place, you won’t be going in, but take the opportunity to make sure the office practices good sterile technique. Look for a full gown, mask, and gloves, not just a scrub top.

Ask About Pain Management

Weirdly specific, you think? Nope. Not only is pain a huge issue for sick animals, old animals, and animals recovering from surgery, but also how pain is managed tells you a lot about how up to speed a veterinary practice is. Once upon a time, in the Dark Ages, vets used to shy away from pain meds because they believed that animals in pain would remain quiet and thus heal more quickly. Notice I call that the Dark Ages: The truth is that good pain control speeds recovery and lowers the odds of certain complications, both in people and in other animals. As a behavior specialist, I often see pain contributing to aggression and other problems, as well.

Steps to Finding the Perfect Vet

When I adopted my first dog, Ralph, over 10 years ago, I had no idea how to choose a vet. How do you know what kind of practitioner is best for your particular dog, and once you choose one, how do you know if you’ve made the right choice? I complicated matters with several cross-country moves, which meant finding a new vet in a new place each time. We’ve also added to the family with another dog, Radar, and three rascally cats. Needless to say, after many years, many moves, and many veterinarians, I’ve become something of an expert on selecting the perfect vet for my pet family.

Know your pet’s needs in advance

Before you start visiting veterinary practices and asking questions, make a list of priorities for you and your pet. This will help you ask the right questions as you narrow down your options

Here’s my own checklist of veterinarian must-haves (but keep in mind yours may vary depending on your dog):

Knowledge and support for select holistic/alternative treatments, balanced with up-to-date facilities and cutting edge medical technologies and care.

Generous appointment times (I ask a lot of questions, and there’s nothing worse than feeling rushed at the vet).

Support for area pet rescue organizations (it’s important to me that my vet be invested in the local animal welfare community).

Smaller practice. I’m at the vet pretty frequently with my gaggle of pets, so I prefer a place where I know I can see the same doctor every visit and develop a friendly relationship with the staff. Many larger veterinary hospitals offer incredible care (and greater flexibility in scheduling), so it really comes down to personal preference.

How to start (and narrow down) the search

Once you’ve zeroed in on what you want from a veterinarian, it’s time to actually find a few candidates. Good old fashioned word-of-mouth is the best place to start.

Schedule a tour

Once you’ve found one or two potential vets, plan a facility visit without your dog to get a feel for the place itself. Any reputable veterinary practice will be more than happy to show you around and make you feel welcome

Tips for Choosing the Right Vet for Your Pet

When it comes to choosing a vet for your pet, it’s important to choose a veterinarian you can trust, and who you feel you would have a connection with. They’ll be responsible taking care of your best friend’s medical needs to ensure they live a long, happy and healthy life, especially when it comes to emergency care. It makes sense that you take the time to research the vets in your area to find the one that best works for you and your needs.

Establish the kind of care your pet needs

Not all vets treat every type of animal, so you’ll need a vet that deals with your pet’s species. You also need to think about the care that your pet will need. Do they need just routine care, or do they have a specialist condition that will require a different level of care?

Establish the vet’s accreditation and experience

Before you consider any veterinarian practice, check that they’re accredited by the Accreditation Program for Australian Veterinarians (APAV). You may also want to check out the qualifications held by the vet, and the veterinary assistants and nurses. The length of time the staff stay with the practice should give you an indication of the general working environment within the clinic itself.

How attentive are the staff to your pet?

The level of attention a vet gives to both you and your pet is a crucial factor for finding a great vet. If they are not attentive enough, it’s possible that they may miss vital clues of potentially more serious conditions. Take notice of how the vet and the practice staff interact with animals. Do they show a genuine love and concern for animals? How much time are they prepared to spend with your pet assessing any issues.  You’ll be able to judge this from their body language and the way they treat the animals that come into their surgery.

How attentive are the staff to you?

While it’s important to ensure that your pet is getting the right level of attention from the vet, you also need to feel that they’re able to communicate easily with you. A good relationship with your vet relies on communication, shared values, and the feeling that you can ask questions when you don’t quite understand what is going on. You need to feel that your vet will listen to your concerns, and give you confidence in the way they diagnose and treat your pet.

How to Choose a Vet

If you are thinking of getting a pet, or already have one, then it is essential to register with a vet. You should do this while the pet is healthy, because it can take time to find the right vet for you and your animal. Don’t wait until the animal is sick to start looking around. When it comes to choosing a vet you need to balance several factors, including convenience, cost, expert knowledge, and compatibility

Keep your type of pet in mind. Not all vets will treat all species. Make sure the vet has experience with your species of pet. For instance, even if a vet has a very good reputation as a canine vet, this is useless if you own a rabbit, because the two species are very different.

Consider practicality. There is little use in registering with a perfect practice if they are a two or three hour drive away. In an emergency situation you may not have two or three hours’ time to spare. Always consider how quickly you can get to the practice in the event of an emergency.

Decide what services you need your vet to provide. If you have a low income, then cost may be a deciding factor. If your pet has a very specific health issue then you will need a vet that has the equipment, and knowledge, to treat that issue.

Make a list of veterinarians in your area. Do an internet search or look at a telephone directory, or the local press for adverts. Most clinics have websites so go to the website to get an idea of how many staff the clinic has, the facilities, specialities, and for the overall feel of the practice.